Rindspinnmaschine um das Bio Garn für Cotonea Textilien zu spinnen

Spinning the organic cotton fibres

Organic cotton fibres are spun into yarns in our spinning mill. Many work stages are necessary for this.

The spinning mill Further work stages

  • Zerpflücken und Reinigen der großen Bio Baumwollblannen in der Spinnerei
    Mechanical mixing of the cotton bales - essential for even yarn.
  • Ausspinnen des Baumwollvlies Stränge zum Bio Garn in der Spinnerei
    This is the “stretching” process, a process that leads to the evening out of the cotton fleece strips.

For every product we use the yarn that provides that product with the best characteristics: OE-yarn for roughened products, for a fluffy and three-dimensional surface, for example for our fine flannelette bedding. Normally this type of yarn is produced using the shortest fibres, to reduce costs. We, however, use fresh, long organic cotton fibres which require special and uncommon machine settings and appliances. This produces an unparalleled feeling on the skin, that does not require chemical amplifiers.

The yarn for most Cotonea fabrics is produced using a special, further-developed ring spinning process. This ensures that the fibre’s twist is perfect throughout the whole yarn. If a higher strength is needed for a product than can be provided by single yarn, twisted yarn is used. For this single yarn is plied, this means the yarn is twisted together. Twisted yarn does not feel as soft but is very durable.

The fineness range of the Cotonea yarns ranges from Nm7 (number metric - this means one gram of cotton yarn is 7 metres long) for heavy molleton fabrics to Nm170 (1 gram of yarn is 170 metres long) for poplin for fine blouses. The yarn that is used for this is plied. The rule in general is: the longer the yarn per gram, the thinner and finer the threads. The opposite is also true for heavier yarns.

  • Rindspinnmaschine um das Bio Garn für Cotonea Textilien zu spinnen
    The ring spinning machine wraps the organic yarn onto spindles.
  • Aufspulen des Bio Garns auf Spulen zur Weiterverarbeitung in der Spinnerei
    The finished spun organic yarn is wound criss-cross onto spindles. At the same time the organic yarn is cleaned using machines.

But how are the cotton fibres made into Cotonea’s high-quality yarn? In the spinning mill the large cotton bales are first pulled apart and cleaned by machines. With Cotonea organic cotton, no harmful substances are used in this step. The raw fibres are evened out in a mixing chamber, then laid out evenly next to each other and pressed to fleece using a carding machine (parallelized). In the OE-spinning process, the fleece is inserted directly into the spinning machine and is spun into yarn after separating the single fibres. In the ring spinning process, the fleece is used to spin rove (pre-yarn) on a so-called flyer spinning frame. The actual yarn is first produced on the ring spinning machine, only using twisting and stretching without a single fibre separation.

Next work stage
Weben der Cotonea Bio-Gewebe auf der Webmaschine in Naturfarbe
Weaving the organic cotton yarns

Cotonea organic textiles are woven in our own weaving factory in the Czech Republic by our partners.

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Previous work stage
Maschinelle Entkörnung und manuelle Sortierung der Bio-Baumwolle vor der Weiterverarbeitung
Ginning the organic cotton

Separation of organic cotton fibres and seeds in our own Fair Trade projects.

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